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Synanceia verrucosa

Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Reef Stonefish

Classification
Identification
Biology
Distribution
Links
Bibliography

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Classification   {MSG_BIOLOGY_LISTE_CATEGORIES}
Latin name : Synanceia verrucosa (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Synonyms :
Classification : Synancejidae ( Stonefishes )
 
Name : Poisson-scorpion
Name : Reef Stonefish
Identification   {MSG_BIOLOGY_LISTE_CATEGORIES}
Main identification characters
The Reef Stonefish is the most venomous fish in the world.

Pelvic and anal fins spines are similarly developed. 12-14 stout grooved spines, each with a large venom sack at its base.

Max size : 40.0 cm.


Possible confusions
Feel free to update this datasheet and complete this data.
Biology   {MSG_BIOLOGY_LISTE_CATEGORIES}
Feed
Feeds on fishes and crustaceans.
Cycle of life / Reproduction
Predators of the Reef Stonefish include sharks and rays. Solitary fish.
Interaction with other species
The dorsal fin has 2 grooves serving as seringes of venom; their stings are excruciatingly painful and can occasionally be fatal. A serum exists which is effective if applied immediately after the infliction.
Distribution   {MSG_BIOLOGY_LISTE_CATEGORIES}
Habitat

Coral

Sand
Found on sandy or rubbly areas of reef flats and shallow lagoons and in small pools during low tide well camouflaged among the substrate and sometimes even covered with algae.
Geographical distribution
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to French Polynesia, north to the Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to Queensland, Australia.
Links   {MSG_BIOLOGY_LISTE_CATEGORIES}
Websites :
http://www.amonline.net.au/fishes/students/focus/sverruc.htm
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/SpeciesSummary.cfm?id=5825
http://www.ulg.ac.be/aquarium/visite/mc/pierre.html
http://www.wetwebmedia.com/stonefishes.htm

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Bibliography   {MSG_BIOLOGY_LISTE_CATEGORIES}
N/A
Data sheet written by Christophe Naslain , 1/10/2003

Updates :
Christophe Naslain - 03/11/2003


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